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Section 1. Name and Affiliation
 
Article 1. The Association shall be called the International Association of Botanical Gardens (I.A.B.G.).
 
Article 2. The Association shall be affiliated to the International Union of Biological Societies (I.U.B.S.) as a Commission of the Botanical Group entitled the International Association of Botanical and Mycological Societies (I.A.B.M.S.).
 
Section 2. Objectives and Means
 
Article 3. The objectives of the Association shall be:
 
a) To promote international cooperation between Botanic Gardens, Arboreta and other similar Institutes maintaining scientific collections of living plants and between the staffs of such Institutes.
 
b) To promote the study of taxonomy of cultivated plants.
 
c) To promote the study and the practice of appropriate introductions of appropriate plants.
 
d) To promote the documentation and exchange of information, plants and specimens of mutual interest between Botanic Gardens, Arboreta and other similar Institutes.
 
e) To promote and foster the conservation and preservation of rare and/or endangered plants through their cultivation and by other means within Botanic Gardens, Arboreta and similar Institutes.
 
f) To foster the role of botanical gardens and other appropriate bodies in obtaining habitat conservation and to promote cooperation in this field between IABG and such bodies.
 
g) To promote the interests of horticulture.
 
Article 4. The objectives of the Association shall be pursued by the same methods and procedures as those provided in the I.U.B.S., either jointly or independently, but under the aegis of the Association. These methods and procedures shall include:
 
  i)The publication of papers, books and indices;
 
 ii) the establishment of committees for special purposes;
 
iii) the organization of meetings and symposia relating to the work of Botanic Gardens and Arboreta and any other activity consistent with the purpose of the Association;
 
 iv) the promotion of the objectives of the Association and Botanic Gardens and Arboreta throughout the world.
 
  v) the formation of regional groups which, on recognition by Council, may nominate a representative to Council.
 
Section 3. Membership
 
Article 5. All persons actively engaged or interested in the work of Botanic Gardens and Arboreta are eligible for personal membership of the Association.
 
Article 6. All Botanic Gardens, Arboreta and other Institutes actively engaged or interested in the objectives of the Association are eligible for institutional membership in the Association.
 
Article 7. Membership is acquired by application in writing to the Secretariat of the I.A.B.G. and payment of the appropriate annual fee to the Association.
 
Section 4. Council
 
Article 8. The affairs of the Association shall be controlled by a Council which shall consist of five officers; a President, a First and Second Vice-President, the immediate Past-President, and a Secretary; and, ten Councillors. Normally not more than two members of the Council shall be residents of the same country when elected. All members of the Council shall be personal members of the Association.
 
Article 9. The President, Vice-Presidents, Past-President and Secretary shall constitute the Executive Committee whose role will be to exercise a general control over the affairs of the Association and to carry out the duties that may be delegated to them by the Council.
 
 
 
Article 10. The Council shall be elected by a majority of the votes cast by members in a mail ballot conducted at least four months prior to a regular meeting of the Association at which an election of the Council has been designated as an agenda item. Such meetings must occur within three years following the previous meeting.
 
Article 11. The President and Vice-Presidents and Secretary shall hold office for one three-year term, but may be eligible for re-election for an additional three-year term. The Councillors shall hold office for a three-year term, but may be eligible for re-election for an additional three-year term.  A Councillor may be elected as an officer after serving one or two regular three-year terms.
 
Article 12. Any vacancy occurring during the term of office of a Council member other than that of President, shall be filled by the Council. In the case of a vacancy in the presidency, the Past-President shall fill the remaining term of office. If the Past-President is unable to serve, the First Vice-President shall act as President until the next regular meeting of the Association at which an election is conducted.
 
Article 13. The Council may at any time co-opt additional members for special purposes.
 
Section 5. Committees
 
Article 14. The Council shall have power to appoint committees to further the objectives of the Association and shall define the composition, duties and powers of such committees.
 
Section 6. Meetings and Elections
 
Article 15. The Association shall meet whenever possible at each International Botanical and Horticultural Congress. A business meeting may be held at such meetings. Other regular meetings may be arranged to permit the election of the Council and to conduct appropriate business. Notice of the business meetings shall be sent to members at least four months before the date of the meeting.
 
Article 16. Each personal member shall be entitled to one vote at a regular business meeting of the Association or on a mail ballot. An institutional member shall be entitled to one vote at a regular business meeting of the Association or on a mail ballot provided that a person representing that institution has been designated in writing to the Secretary of the Association.
 
Article 17. A quorum of a regular business meeting will be 30 members. A quorum of the Council shall be 5 members.
 
Article 18. At least seven months prior to a regular business meeting at which an election will be conducted, the President shall appoint a nominating committee of not less than three, but not more than five, members to nominate officers and councillors for the ensuing period. The report of this committee shall be filed with the Secretary at least five months prior to the business meeting and shall form the basis of the ballot for the election of the Council. Other nominations, endorsed by three members, may be sent to the Secretary and, where possible, shall be included on the ballot. All nominees must be personal members of the Association, or regional group executives.
 
Article 19. The nominating committee when considering candidates for office, shall strive to make their nominations representative, and shall, as far as possible, take account of the diverse interests of Botanic Gardens, Arboreta and allied Institutes as well as the varied geographical areas of candidate residency. Whenever the nominating committee sees fit, it may propose more candidates than necessary for election, but not more than three times the number to be elected to the same position.
 
Section 7. By-Laws and Amendments
 
Article 20. The Council shall have the power to make by-laws for carrying into operation the terms of the Constitution.
 
Article 21. Amendments to the Constitution may be proposed in writing by any member of the Association. Such amendments receiving the approval of a majority of the Council shall be submitted to the members for a mail ballot. Adoption shall require favourable vote of two-thirds of the votes cast.
 
However, amendments rejected by the Council may be re-submitted by the mover for discussion at the next business meeting of the Association, and if a favourable decision is then obtained, they shall be voted upon by mail vote.
 
 
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